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Thanksgiving Article

Thursday, November 26th, is Thanksgiving Day in America. Thanksgiving is one of the most important holidays for Americans, second only to Christmas.

今年美國的感恩節在11月26日星期四,這個節日對美國人來說是個重要性僅次於聖誕節的一個節日。

PilgrimsThe first Thanksgiving was held by the Pilgrims in 1621. The Pilgrims were a group of people from England who came to America in 1620 and built a colony called Plymouth, on the north-east coast of the United States. Because the Pilgrims didn’t arrive in America until November, they didn’t have time to plant crops or build many homes before winter arrived. The first winter was very difficult for the Pilgrims. Many got sick, and 45 of the 102 Pilgrims died due to sickness, cold, and hunger.

第一個感恩節是英國清教徒(Pilgrms),在1621年舉行的,他們是一群在1620年從英國前往美國的人,他們在美國東北沿岸建立了一個叫普利茅斯的殖民地。因為這群清教徒在11月才到美國,所以沒有任何農作物的收成及建造足夠的房屋以度過寒冬。第一個冬天對他們來說非常難熬,許多人生病了,102個人中有45人死於疾病、寒冷或飢餓。

In the spring, the Pilgrims met and made friends with the American Indians, who taught the Pilgrims new ways to farm, fish, and hunt. Thanks to the Indians’ help, the Pilgrims began to prosper. When autumn arrived, they had more than enough food to last through the coming winter. To celebrate, the Pilgrims had a huge feast, to give thanks to God and their new Indian friends. This was the first Thanksgiving.

春天來臨時,他們認識了美國的印地安人,並和他們成為朋友,這些印地安人教導清教徒如何種植農作物、補魚以及打獵。由於印地安人的幫忙,使得清教徒有了收獲,當秋天來臨時,他們已有足夠的食物,以度過即將來臨的冬天。為了慶祝豐收,他們舉辦了一個盛大的筵席,來感謝上帝還有他們的印地安人朋友,這就是感恩節的由來。

Today, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. Most people also have the following Friday off, so it is a four-day weekend holiday. Thanksgiving is one of the busiest times of the year to travel, as people fly or drive around the country to spend the holiday with their relatives.

感恩節是在每年11月的第四個星期四舉辦。大部分的人們於隔天星期五會彈性放假,所以有四天感恩節連續假期。這段時間也是旅行的旺季,許多人會與親朋好友相約來個短期旅行。

Many cities hold parades on Thanksgiving Day. The most famous one is the Macy’s [Department Store] Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City. People all over the country watch the parade on television. This parade is famous for its giant balloons of popular cartoon characters like Mickey Mouse, SpongeBob SquarePants, and Snoopy. The last float in the parade carries Santa Claus, letting people know that the Christmas holiday season has begun. Most people consider the ‘holiday season’ to be the time between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Day.

在感恩節當天,許多城市會舉辦遊行,其中最有名的就是紐約市梅西百貨的感恩節大遊行,全國的人民都會收看感恩節的遊行轉播。遊行中最出精采的部分就是卡通人物造形的大型氣球,像是米奇、海綿寶寶還有史奴比。最後的遊行花車會有聖誕老公公的出現,告訴大家聖誕季節已來臨。事實上,大部分的人會把感恩節到元旦視為假期。


thanksgiving-turkey-dinnerJust like the first Thanksgiving, the most important thing about Thanksgiving is the meal itself, and for most people, the most important part of the meal is a turkey. In fact, a turkey is so important to Thanksgiving that a nickname for Thanksgiving is ‘Turkey Day.’ Other traditional Thanksgiving foods are corn, mashed potatoes, sweet potatoes, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie.

就像第一個感恩節一樣,感恩節最重要的就是感恩節大餐,對大多數的人來說,感恩節大餐中最重要的就是火雞。事實上﹐感恩節的綽號是「火雞節」。其他的傳統食物包括玉米、馬鈴薯泥、地瓜、蔓越莓醬和南瓜派。

Read and listen to this article about Thanksgiving. Then answer the following questions. You can print out this paper, or just write the answers in your notebook.
Thanksgiving Questions 1. When was the first Thanksgiving held?
2. When did the Pilgrims arrive in America?
3. Why did many Pilgrims die during their first winter in America?
4. Who taught the Pilgrims how to hunt?
5. When is Thanksgiving celebrated today?
6. Why is Thanksgiving such a busy time to travel?
7. Where is the most famous Thanksgiving parade?
8. Who is always on the last float during the Macy’s Thanksgiving parade?
9. When is the ‘holiday season’ in America?
10.What is another name for Thanksgiving?

The Story of Thanksgiving (EASY VERSION)

The Story of Thanksgiving (ADVANCED VERSION)